In the heart of Triest
Trieste, with its 240.000 inhabitants, is today an economically active city currently being re-discovered by tourists, students and “new citizens”. The harbor town, after a long sleep, has been living a transformation over the last years; new cobbled pedestrian areas invite guests and inhabitants to let themselves be pampered in the fashion shops and in the newly designed cafes and bars. A touch of globalization is combined with the complex history of the city, creating a new, exciting atmosphere. Trieste is, in fact, Italian and international at the same time. The giulian capital hosts two important astronomical and geophysical observatories and since 1924, the University of Trieste, which counts more than 20.000 students.
The city is home for important companies such as Illycaffè, the insurance company Generali with its about 80.000 employees all around the world and the navigation company Lloyd Triestino. Trieste represents, today as well as yesterday, the gateway for Austria, East Europe and southern Germany offering a life quality that promoted the city on top of the regions` ranking list.
Maria Teresa decreed the freedom of worship and allowed the various religious communities to build their own churches. Thanks to her tolerant policy, many churches were built, which still represent some of the most significant buildings of Trieste’s architecture. An example are Greek Orthodox church of Saint Nicolò and the Serbian Orthodox church of Saint Spyridon. The second one, designed by the Milanese architect Carlo Maciachini with a byzantine taste, is characterized by a dome higher than the four bell towers. The biggest catholic church of Trieste is Sant’Antonio Nuovo. The church, located on the homonyms square on the Canal Grande, was built in neoclassical style on the project of the ticinese architect Pietro Nobile. For almost hundred years, the only bridge on the Canal Grande was Ponte Rosso (1756), that “lands” on the homonym square. The square Ponte Rosso is one of the first in the “new city”, it hosts the “fountain of the Giovannin” (Giuseppe Mazzoleni, 1753) and it is still home of an open-air market of fruits, vegetables and flowers. In the urban planning of Borgo Teresiano modern guidelines have been used. The building owners, mostly merchants, chose famous architects and artists such as Matteo Pertsch, Pietro Nobile and Cesare dell’Acqua for the planning of their future commercial and residential building.The result is a cosmopolitan architecture with strong Italian traits but influenced as well by the Viennese architecture of the 19th century. Since 2009, Borgo Teresiano is part of project of intervention meant to reshape the city and moderate the traffic in the city center. Most of the streets will be repaved and will become shopping and gastronomy oriented pedestrian areas.
The elegant district of Borgo Teresiano starts from the attractive waterfront of Trieste, with the touristic yacht mooring and commercial harbor, to via Carducci, and from Via Ghega a Corso Italia. Together with Borgo Giuseppino, it constitutes one of the most famous and representative districts of the city. In the “Borgo” and its pedestrian areas, are located several luxury shops and picturesque squares, in addition to a variety of restaurants, trattorias and cafes. “Palazzo Machiavelli” is located in via Machiavelli 19. Thanks to the very central position facing both the district and the city, the “old city” is reachable in few minutes as well as the waterfront. The heart of Borgo Teresiano, Canal Grande, is just behind the corner and cafes and restaurant with their open-air tables allow the guest to breath and live the unique atmosphere of the district. Within a walkable distance are located all the daily need shops.
What can Trieste offer? Main sports events are “il Giro d’Italia” and “La Barcolana”, the yearly regatta with more than 1800 participants that takes place in October. Therefore it doesn’t surprise that the main activities in the city are cycling and sailing. The hills, framed by vineyards, invite to bike tours and inland excursions. Along the extensive cost, free and organized bathing is permitted. Several sports are here offered, from diving to offshore fishing. The closest ski resorts are reachable within one-hour drive from the city. Between the Borgo Teresiano and the center there is the Opera Giuseppe Verdi and, in Borgo as well in the surrounding historical neighborhoods, several small theaters and stages can be found. A large number of bars, traditional and modern restaurants offer plenty of local and international specialties. Peppi, grill buffet located around Piazza della Borsa, is famous even beyond the border and considered an institution. Around the Canal Grande a high number of Cafes and Restaurants can be found: this is the center of the inner-city life.